2 edition of Aspects of salt tolerance in the cereals. found in the catalog.
Aspects of salt tolerance in the cereals.
Paul Keith Martin
Manchester thesis (M.Sc.), School of Biological Sciences.
|Contributions||University of Manchester. School of Biological Sciences.|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||187|
Poaceae represent the most important group of crops susceptible to abiotic stress. This large family of monocotyledonous plants, commonly known as grasses, counts several important cultivated species, namely wheat (Triticum aestivum), rice (Oryza sativa), maize (Zea mays), and barley (Hordeum vulgare). These crops, notably, show different behaviors under Cited by: Kim Liggett, an American author, has penned her debut YA horror romance, Blood and Salt which is the first book in the Blood and Salt series, that unwraps the story of a teenager pulled into a cult to find her mom in a strange town with carnivorous corn and a car junkyard along with her own demons of a hanging girl to fight with/5.
"Cereal doesn't need salt to taste good." Unfortunately, most of America disagrees. Go into any grocery store -- health food or mainstream mercantile -- and the cereal aisle will yield a dazzling array of day-starting meal options. But a close look on each box's ingredient panel shows that almost all contain some salt and sugar. Maintaining low intracellular Na+ concentrations is an essential physiological strategy in salt stress tolerance in most cereal crops. Here, we characterized a member of the high-affinity K+ transporter (HKT) family in barley (Hordeum vulgare), HvHKT1;5, which negatively regulates salt tolerance and has different functions from its homology in other cereal Cited by: 1.
The Central Soil Salinity Research Institute (acronym CSSRI) is an autonomous institute of higher learning, established under the umbrella of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) by the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India for advanced research in the field of soil Institute is located on Kachawa Road in Karnal, in the state of Haryana, km from the Location: Karnal, Haryana, India, 29°42′29″N . Engineering Aspects of Cereal and Cereal-Based Products De Pinho Ferreira Guiné, Raquel, Dos Reis Correia, Paula Maria Cereal food engineering has become increasingly important in the food industry over the years, as it plays a key role in developing new food products and improved manufacturing g: salt tolerance.
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: Salt tolerance in Cereal Crops-Past and Present Overview: Growth parameters, Proiline, Abscisic Acid, Sodium, Potassium, Salt tolerance, Cereal Crops Price: $ This review focuses on how improvements have been made in salt tolerance in cereals through different biotic means, such as conventional breeding, marker assisted selection and genetic : Muhammad Shahbaz, Muhammad Ashraf.
Na + exclusion from leaves is associated with salt tolerance in cereal crops including rice, durum wheat, bread wheat and barley (Richard A.
James, Blake, Byrt, & Munns, ). Exclusion of Na + from the leaves is due to low net Na + uptake by cells in the root cortex and the tight control of net loading of the xylem by parenchyma cells in the stele (Davenport, James, Zakrisson Cited by: Drought and Salt Stress in Cereals.
Aspects of QTL utilization in plant genetics, breeding and physiology and future research directions are discussed. The QTLs for salt tolerance at the. In present chapter the physiological and biochemical aspects of plant response to water stresses are reviewed together with the new frontiers studies on the genetic tools on stress tolerance.
() Identification of SNP mutations in DREB1, HKT1 and WRKY1 genes involved in drought and salt stress tolerance in durum wheat (Triticum Cited by: 3. These are heavy textured, highly alkaline and usually well-drained soils with high levels of salt in the subsoil.
Most common are morrell-blackbutt loams on the edge of major valleys or greenstone soil and Dowak clay in the Esperance mallee. they relate to the salt tolerance of specific species. Definition of salt tolerance Plant salt tolerance or resistance is generally thought of in terms of the inherent ability of the plant to withstand the effects of high salts in the root zone or on the plant’s leaves without a significant adverse effect.
Lunin et al. () proposed aFile Size: KB. An edited book covering all the aspects of production technologies, management practices, and stress tolerance of agronomic crops in a single source. It discusses environmental stresses in a range of agronomic crops and promotes sustainable production.
Advances in Rice Research for Abiotic Stress Tolerance. provides an important reference for those ensuring optimal yields from this globally important food crop.
Key Features Covers aspects of abiotic stress, from research, history, practical field problems faced by rice, and the possible remedies to the adverse effects of abiotic stresses. Key aspects include the experimental system (e.g. agar plates, hydroponics, soil-filled pots or the field), the extent of the salinity stress (levels of salt stress, timing of salt application and duration of treatment) and the biological system (species and genotype).Cited by: This book discusses the role of salt in current agricultural approaches, including the low salt tolerance of agricultural crops and trees, impact of saline soils, and salt-resistant plants.
Halophytes are extremely salt tolerant plants, which are able to grow and survive under salt at concentrations as high as 5 g/l by maintaining negative. Generally, plants grown in saline environments show reduced growth and yield for most cultivated species.
Crops that are more tolerant may take advantage from moderate saline stress showing increased produce quality. The different ability of plants in signaling salinity stress is a key factor to improve their tolerance to salt conditions. Salt tolerance in crops will also allow the more effective use of poor quality irrigation water.
To increase the plant salt-tolerance, there is a need for understanding the mechanisms of salt limitation on plant growth and the mechanism of salt tolerance at the whole-plant, organelle, and molecular by: It was confirmed that ZnSO 4 may improve salt tolerance in cereals and results in several other important benefits such as crop micronutrient enrichment (e.g.
by 90% for Zn) and reduced uptake/phytoaccumulation of toxic elements (e.g. by >% for Cd) (Khoshgoftar et al., ).Cited by: Physiological mechanisms that underlie traits for salt tolerance could be used to identify new genetic sources of salt tolerance.
Important mechanisms of tolerance involve Na+ exclusion from the transpiration stream, sequestration of Na+ and Cl- in the vacuoles of root and leaf cells, and other processes that promote fast growth despite the osmotic stress of the salt outside the Cited by: Salt stress affects different aspects of plant metabolism and structure.
Salinity induces cellular adjustment with a significant reorganization of cell structure and metabolism due to ionic and osmotic effects. Proteins play a key role in salt tolerance, acclimatization and cellular adjustment.
This book discusses many aspects of plant-nutrient-induced abiotic stress tolerance. It consists of 22 informative chapters on the basic role of plant nutrients and the latest research advances in the field of plant nutrients in abiotic stress tolerance as well as their practical applications.
Humans are also dependent upon seeds, which constitute the majority of the world’s staple foods (e.g., cereals and legumes). Seeds are an excellent system for studying fundamental developmental processes in plant biology, as they develop from a single fertilized zygote into an embryo and endosperm, in association with the surrounding maternal.
In his fifth work of nonfiction, Mark Kurlansky turns his attention to a common household item with a long and intriguing history: salt.
The only rock we eat, salt has shaped civilization from the very beginning, and its story is a glittering, often surprising part of the history of humankind. A substance so valuable it served as currency, salt /5. Differences in salt tolerance of wheat and barley have been observed but knowledge of such differences in triticale cv.
is of potential importance. Effects of 6 salinity levels (% NaCl) on germination of triticale cv. Beagle and 6TA in comparison with wheat and rye were determined at deg C. Beagle and rye showed similar trends in germination reduction as Cited by: 6. Mechanisms of salt tolerance in STGs.
The survivability of STGs in saline environment depends greatly up on the art of handling the toxic Na + and replacing it with K +.This is known as the selectivity of K + over Na +.Net selectivity (S K: Na) is defined as the ratio of K + concentration in the plant tissue to that in the medium divided by the ratio of Na + Cited by: Salt: Salt can impact trees in two ways: as salt spray and as salt in the soil.
There is only anecdotal information about salt tolerance in trees, much of which doesn’t differentiate between spray and soil. This section is referencing only the plant’s observed tolerance or sensitivity to salt. The functional connection between OsMGT1 and OsHKT1;5 in tuning Na + content in the xylem sap opens new perspectives in engineering salt-tolerant crops.
Phloem transport redistributes solutes and ions throughout the plant, but it was thought to play a marginal role in Na + tolerance (Maathuis et al., ).The colocalization of the two transporters in the phloem Cited by: 3.